7 de fevereiro de 2019
In an interview on CBS News’ Face the Nation, President Donald Trump claimed that human traffickers are invading the United States and suggested his border wall could stop it. Trump’s vivid descriptions of human trafficking along the U.S.-Mexico border have, more and more, become a regular part of his argument for a border wall. But human trafficking statistics poke holes in Trump’s comments on the issue.
But experts have said that Trump’s comments on human trafficking aren’t exactly in line with current statistics. Founder and president of the Washington, D.C.-based Human Trafficking Legal Center Martina Vandenberg told CNN that the majority of human trafficking victims in the United States — roughly two thirds — are actually U.S. citizens. What’s more, Vandenberg said that the majority of foreign-born human trafficking victims come into the United States legally on visas.
President Trump has previously suggested that human traffickers have brought a flood of victims over unmanned and unwalled stretches of the U.S.-Mexico border. Last month, Trump repeatedly claimed that kidnapped women were tied up and bound with duct tape and then brought over the border in the backs of vehicles.
The president went on to claim that human traffickers “can’t come through the port because if they come through the port people will see four women sitting in a van with tape around their face and around their mouth.” Trump’s main point of argument has been that a border wall would bring an end to such human trafficking.
But immigration attorney Evangeline Chan, who serves as director of Safe Horizon’s Immigration Law Project, told CNN that most foreign-born human trafficking victims enter the country after securing a job, and what they think will be a better life, through a recruiting agency.
“They come in through legal ports of entry,” she said. ‘But once they’re here they realize that the employment that’s offered and the conditions that they’re working is very different than what was promised them.” Chan said such victims are often threatened with deportation, physically harmed, or have their families threatened in an effort to keep them from escaping their situation.
What’s more, nonprofit NGO Polaris, which works to end human trafficking and runs the the National Human Trafficking Hotline, has said the idea that human trafficking always or even often involves kidnapping is “by far the most pervasive myth about human trafficking.” According to the organization, victims are more often than not lured into trafficking through psychological means. The organization has also pushed back against the myth that it’s only undocumented foreign nationals who get trafficked, noting they’ve “worked on thousands of cases of trafficking involving foreign national survivors who are legally living and/or working in the United States.”
So while the president paints a picture of human traffickers driving through the desert to invade the United States with bound and duct-taped women, actual human trafficking statistics tell a different story.