18 de julho de 2019
New York – UN Member States and UN entities yesterday (16/07) announced the creation of a new funding instrument to support efforts towards safe, orderly and regular migration.
“The Migration Fund can provide the impetus for all of us to take the next step; to bring the Migration Compact to life, to move us closer to realizing the SDGs, and to effect positive change in the field of migration,” said Amina Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary-General, at the launch held at the UNICEF HQ in New York.
Crucial to achieve Sustainable Development Goals
António Vitorino, Director General of the International Organization for Migration and chair of the UN Network on Migration compared the positive impacts of safe and regular migration – migrants make up 3.4 per cent of the world population and contribute 10 per cent of global GDP, with 85 per cent of their earnings contributed to their host countries – with the ‘tremendous human and economic losses’ when migration is poorly managed.
According to UN figures, since 2014, over 32,000 migrants worldwide have lost their lives or gone missing along migratory routes. Many have fallen victim to trafficking, arbitrary detention and exploitative or forced labour. Many more are unaccounted for. Migration governance is “one of the most urgent and profound tests of international cooperation in our time”.
From polarization to comprehensive responses
Unfortunately, DG Vitorino added, the social discourse on migration is today too often framed in binary terms: those in favour or against migration. However, research shows that migration is overwhelmingly positive for migrants and communities of origin, transit and destination – when managed in a safe, regular and orderly manner.
The Migration MPTF was called for by the Global Compact on Migration (GCM), adopted by the UN General Assembly in December 2018. Its aim is to provide financing for innovative programmes designed to support States’ migration priorities, ensure the better protection of migrants, foster cooperation, and further the promotion of migration governance that benefits all.
The GCM objectives are based on existing legislation, policies and practices as agreed by Member States. The Fund represents a commitment to international cooperation on this vital issue and provides on important means by which to open up concrete opportunities to achieve tangible impact on the ground in the pursuit of safe, orderly and regular migration.
Unique instrument for international cooperation on migration
The Fund is now open for contributions, with a target of USD 25 million for its first year of operations and expected to grow. Under the aegis of a representative Steering Committee comprising States, the UN system, and a broad range of partners, the Fund will facilitate the exchange of best practices and evidence-based migration policies.
As a collective endeavour the Fund has the potential to be an important means by which to realise collective commitments towards a world in which no one is left behind.
The event was organized by the Chairs of the Friends of Migration group and the UN Migration Network, which brings together all UN entities working on migration.
Find more information on the Migration MPTF here.