A- A A+

Cities urged to 'embrace new reality' of mass migration

"Migrants make clear economic contributions to destination cities, refuting common misconceptions that they detract from the financial health of their new homes"
By Sophie Hares

TEPIC, Mexico, May 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The world's cities must prepare better for mass migration if they are to cope with a leap in inflows of people uprooted by conflict and, increasingly, the effects of climate change, said an international city network.

Cities need to lessen the shock to "fragile urban eco-systems" by using their limited resources flexibly to improve how they accommodate, integrate and provide work for migrants, said a new report from the 100 Resilient Cities (100RC) initiative backed by The Rockefeller Foundation.

"Cities must meet the crisis head on, and seize this critical opportunity to become more resilient by implementing creative solutions that uplift struggling populations and build greater social cohesion," said Michael Berkowitz, 100RC president, in a statement.

The total number of international migrants stood at nearly 244 million in 2015, according to the report, including a record 65.3 million people forced from their homes by conflict and persecution worldwide. It noted estimates that a further 200 million could be displaced by climate change by 2050.

The vast majority of the world's migrants have settled in cities, with over 90 percent of immigrants in the United States, Canada, Britain and Australia based in urban areas, where they can more easily blend in and draw on support from migrant networks, said the report.

Cities will face problems relating to health, security, water scarcity, community cohesion and disaster risk if they do not take steps to address rising population density, according to the report, which stressed that cities should aim to take full advantage of the socio-economic benefits migration offers.

"The mass migration we are witnessing today is not a temporary state of emergency, but the beginning of a new reality," said the report. "Rather than resist this new reality, cities must embrace it."

ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONS

Given the unpredictable nature of migrant flows - whether triggered by conflict, natural disasters or economic crises - cities need to be ready to accommodate waves of new arrivals, said the report, which analysed the impact of migration on cities including Athens, Medellín, Amman, Los Angeles and Paris.

Some cities are lowering the barriers to work by improving migrants' access to financial services and offering training schemes or cash-for-work programmes, said the report.

The resulting economic benefits include tax contributions and jobs created by migrant businesses, it added.

"Migrants make clear economic contributions to destination cities, refuting common misconceptions that they detract from the financial health of their new homes," said the report.

Cities need to push for more government funding and promote greater private-sector involvement, to cover the increased cost associated with migrant arrivals, said the report. Policies for infrastructure and affordable housing should also be adaptable.

In Athens, for example, which struggled to cope with the arrival of thousands of refugees fleeing the war in Syria, some rent subsidies were provided to allow migrants to move into central parts of the city with access to key services and support networks.

"While we have managed ‘the crisis within the crisis', our biggest challenge remains how to successfully absorb newcomers in our society," wrote Athens Mayor Giorgos Kaminis in the report, explaining that migrants could help counter-balance Greece's population decline.

Some refugees in Paris have been housed in private homes rather than reception centres, in a bid to help them integrate more quickly and find jobs, said 100RC.

Emphasising the need to factor migration into urban infrastructure plans, the report said Amman was investing in its waste management sector to cope with a 25 percent increase in waste generated in the Jordanian capital, now home to large numbers of Syrian refugees.

"As mass migration challenges our cities in unprecedented ways, we must work to incorporate it into our visions for a resilient future," the report said.

Fonte: Thomson Reuters Foundation

COMPARTILHE
NOTÍCIAS

EU to implement border fingerprint checks similar to United States

COMPARTILHE

The EU will soon establish a database of fingerprints and other biometric data for visitors from the US and other countries outside the bloc. The move aims to improve security, but some see an attack on human rights.

Leia mais...

Identificados mais de 430 mil deslocados internos na Somália

COMPARTILHE

 Com um novo sistema de rastreio, a Organização Internacional para Migrações, OIM, identificou 432 mil deslocados internos em sete distritos da Somália. Os dados foram coletados entre abril e maio deste ano e comparados com dados de deslocados internos em acampamentos e informações de comunidades que hospedam esses civis. 

Leia mais...
BIBLIOTECA

biblioteca

O CSEM possui uma biblioteca especializada em migrações abrangendo em seu acervo aproximadamente 3 mil livros, periódicos e revistas científicas de vários países. 

Para consultar nossa biblioteca online visite o site da biblioteca e pesquise em nosso acervo.Horário de funcionamento: segunda a sexta-feira, das 9h às 17h


Centro Scalabriniano de Estudos Migratórios - CSEM
SRTV/N Edificio Brasília Radio Center
Conj. P - Qd. 702 - Sobrelojas 01/02
CEP: 70719-900 - Brasília - DF / Brasil
Tel/Fax: +55 (61) 3327 0669
O endereço de e-mail address está sendo protegido de spambots. Você precisa ativar o JavaScript enabled para vê-lo.

twitter   facebook